Saturday 14 February 2015


CIVIL disturbances that rocked Zimbabwe in the early years of Independence were part of a region-wide conspiracy to destablise Southern Africa and not part of any anti-Ndebele agenda by Shonas, Vice-President Phelekezela Mphoko has said. In an interview with The Sunday Mail at his offices in Harare, the VP opened up on what triggered the violence that is commonly referred to as Gukurahundi.

Hostilities formally ended on 22 December, 1987 when President Mugabe and Dr Joshua Nkomo signed the Unity Accord that joined their two parties in today’s Zanu-PF.
VP Mphoko said there was no way Zimbabwe could come to terms with this dark chapter in its history — which President Mugabe has referred to as a regrettable “moment of madness” — if citizens did not speak frankly about what happened.

Key to this healing, VP Mphoko said, was analysing the roots of the problem; which he traced to a wider conspiracy formulated within the context of the Cold War politics that sought to discredit black nationalist rule as informed by Socialist and Communist ideological underpinnings.
“There is one point which has not been articulated to my satisfaction: The issue of Gukurahundi,” said VP Mphoko, who was Zapu Chief of Logistics and the direct link between President Mugabe and Dr Nkomo during the Second Chimurenga.

“Now, there were two Gukurahundis. This must be understood — two Gukurahundis. The first Gukurahundi was a proclamation by President Mugabe in 1975 as a New Year’s message to his advancing forces that let’s turn this year into what he regarded as Gukurahundi.

“That was a proclamation during the war, a revolutionary demand that ‘this is how we should defeat the enemy’. Meanwhile, on the Zapu side, the old man (Dr Nkomo) proclaimed a similar situation as a turning point in the armed struggle. There is Gukurahundi here by Mugabe; there’s a turning point there by Joshua Nkomo. This was a pre-Independence Gukurahundi; pre-Independence turning point by the two leaders.”

He said that first Gukurahundi ended on 18 April, 1980 when Zimbabwe attained Independence via the military and diplomatic onslaught by President Mugabe’s Zanu and Dr Nkomo’s Zapu.
VP Mphoko continued: “Now, I have always said the post-Independence Gukurahundi was a conspiracy of the West. This I maintain . . .
“When Portugal gave up its overseas territory in 1974 . . . the Rhodesians, the South Africans, General (Hendrik van den) Bergh who was head of the BOSS (apartheid Bureau for State Security) and Ken Flower who was head of CIO here, they almost walked to Portugal to protest to the Portuguese.

“‘Why are you doing this? You have opened the gates in Mozambique. ANC terrorists will walk into South Africa. Rhodesian terrorists will walk into Rhodesia. The terrorists of the ANC from Angola will walk into Namibia and into South Africa. Why did you do this? Can’t you reverse this?’
“The Portuguese said, “No, we can’t do that. Find your own solutions’. South Africa and Rhodesia insisted ‘you have opened gates to Communism’.

“So then, what do they do? Information we have is that the Americans, the British, the South Africans and Rhodesians . . . (decided) ‘we need to find a solution to contain the situation’.

“So they came up with a buffer zone in Mozambique and Angola to stop ANC from both sides; to stop ANC and the Patriotic Front forces on this side. They created — in Mozambique — Renamo, which was heavily supported by South African military intelligence.

“And they created Unita in Angola . . . which was heavily supported by the South Africans. Unita was supported by the Americans: $15 million every year for 27 years.
“They were given some of the best weapons to make sure no Communism passes to Namibia, passes to South Africa; no Communism is passed from Mozambique to South Africa and also to Zimbabwe. That is what happened. They created that.

“Now, because their concern was South Africa, they wanted to protect their interests in South Africa from the Mozambican front and the Angolan front that side.
“Come Zimbabwe becomes independent: South Africa gets the same threat now. Zimbabwe is independent; the front is open.

“So what do they do? They create — from a myth, from nothing: ‘Ah, Zapu wants to overthrow you (the Zanu Government)’. (This was) in order to justify, to create something.
“So that is what happened. So the Gukurahundi after the war had nothing to do with Mugabe — nothing! That is a fact. People can say what they want, but that was a Western conspiracy. You can never hear the British condemning that — never! They can’t say anything. They never said anything. They never condemned anything because it was their baby.

“They knew what they were doing because they were protecting South Africa. So that point should be emphasised; it is very important.”
VP Mphoko said greater awareness of this history was crucial for Zimbabweans to stop being divided by external forces.

“Our people should be very careful not to be used . . . the Rhodesians, the British have always wanted a war between the Shonas and Ndebele.
“They have always wanted that and this is historical. And up to now, there is so much suspicion between the Shonas and Ndebele because of these things. We have lost relatives, I was a victim also. The people who were affected will never forgive you and that is what they wanted.

“It is going to go a long way to heal. That is where the problem is. They have achieved it. But we have to be very analytical as a people to understand the source.

“If we don’t do that then we will continue for years and years. But if we understand and be analytical, then you will understand that yes, it was a conspiracy.”
VP Mphoko, who also heads the National Healing and Reconciliation portfolio, said his work was cut out for him in this regard.

“That is a very sensitive area because people lost lives. But we need to solve a situation. We need to heal those wounds. It would be very important that eminent persons in the affected areas participate in the healing system. That’s very important.

“You see, we should avoid the tendency of: ‘Wow, jobs have opened up, this is an interesting ministry . . .’
“No, no, no. It’s a very serious matter. It needs eminent people. There are people who were killed . . . where people have died you have to be very careful.”
VP Mphoko said unity between Shonas and Ndebeles pre-dated the Unity Accord with the first formal and nationwide collaboration coming in 1972 after the Organisation of African Unity meeting in Benghazi, Libya.

“That was the time of Cde Herbert Chitepo and JZ (Cde Jason Ziyapapa Moyo) when we formed the Joint Military Command in Mbeya (Tanzania).
“And I must emphasise here that the Joint Military Command was the first unity between Zanu and Zapu . . . “In the meeting, and we were very clear, we don’t want anyone to have an advantage over the other. This is a win-win situation.

“If Chitepo becomes Chairman, then the Commander of the Army will be from Zipra. If JZ Moyo becomes the Chairman, then the Commander of the Army will be from Zanla. So that’s what happened.

“Chitepo became Chairman, and then Mangena Nikita became Chief of Staff.
“And we were sharing positions. Josiah Tongogara became Chief of Operations. I became Chief of Logistics. And Robson Manyika became Commissar; John Mataure became (Chief of) Personnel and Training and then Gordon Munyanyi became (Chief of) Military Intelligence and so forth . . .

VP Mphoko said thereafter, following an attempt by Bishop Abel Muzorewa, Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole and Cde James Chikerema to take over Zanu in Mozambique, unity between Zanu and Zapu again came to the fore.

When their attempts were rebuffed, the trio approached the OAU Liberation Committee saying no material assistance should be given to Zanu fighters.

“So, everything was completely cut off, and that is when we had a lot of sicknesses in the camps because there was no food, no medical assistance. A number of people died.”
He said during a tour of the camps with Mozambique’s leadership as well as Bishop Muzorewa, Rev Sithole and Cde Chikerema; Cde JZ Moyo witnessed firsthand the dire situation.

“When he got back to report to the Revolutionary Council about the trip, he talked about the problems in Mozambique; affecting our people in Mozambique — Zanla; Zanu people.
“Moyo insisted that we have to rescue that situation because we have identified each other, Zapu and Zanu, as allies, we have to protect the revolution to deny the reactionaries from taking over what is there.

“So, we came up with a plan to rescue that situation. Sithole and others had put a condition that the Zanla (cadres) should join Muzorewa, Chikerema or Ndabaningi. If they don’t, no food; nothing!
“. . . we had to come up with a limited strategy to rescue Zanu from this crisis. The limited strategy was to form Zipa (Zimbabwe People’s Army) on the same lines as we did with the Joint Military Command of 1972.

“Hashim Mbita (head of OAU Liberation Committee) promised JZ Moyo that: ‘If you do that we can rescue the situation. That’s the only way we can do it.
If you don’t do it now, we can assure you that Zanu and Zapu are likely to be de-recognised and then Frolizi and Muzorewa recognised at the next Liberation Committee meeting in Addis Ababa’.
“The most important thing here is that the formation of Zipa was mainly to rescue Zanu from collapse. Any other interpretation is not correct.”

VP Mphoko said as Chief of Logistics, he secured supplies and arms in Tanzania and took them to Zanu fighters in Mozambique.
“Zanla in Mozambique became alive again . . . And when our mission was accomplished, we withdrew as Zipra because we had finished our mission . . . Our mission was to rescue Zanu from collapse and this is what we did.”

He, however, pointed out that finding each other as Zanu and Zapu had not been easy.
“The relationship between the two parties was very hostile in the early days. But those who meet at the front crossing, you cannot try to fight each other because enemies are close. We met John Mutaure on several occasions at the front there and then we had a common approach long before the leadership . . .

“The military people, we had our own relations. You would find a Zanu fellow or he would find you stranded on the way from Tanzania to Lusaka with a tyre puncture. He is going that side; you are coming this side. You would say, ‘Take my spare wheel. Take it to Lusaka, but don’t take it to (your) place’.

“And this is how things were. So, that relationship in the military is older than the unity between the two parties.”

VP Mphoko also singled out the formation of the Patriotic Front as another landmark in Zanu-Zapu ties. “After the withdrawal of our Zipra command in Mozambique, unfortunately when we were planning these things, other people had their own views. They wanted a third force. They wanted to control and so forth.

“Now this is very critical. What happened was when these people wanted a third force, we refused. We came with a mission to rescue Zanu. The people who knew about that were the Zipra Command and Rex Nhongo (General Solomon Mujuru). Not the rest.”

He said there was pressure from the likes of Wilfred Mhanda to depose the leadership, to the point of even claiming that Dr Nkomo was collaborating with the Smith regime.
Through that tense period, President Mugabe emerged as the natural leader, acceptable internally and within the Frontline States; with Dr Nkomo playing a pivotal role in convincing the likes of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere of Tanzania to realise that Bishop Muzorewa, Rev Sithole and company had in fact become destablising factors.

“That’s how those boys lost. From that time, they were told to toe the line and the Frontline Heads of State recognised Zapu and Zanu.

“And when those young fellows left, they were in actual fact told by Nyerere and Samora Machel to toe the line. So they refused. They wanted to exist as a separate entity but they couldn’t and ended up having problems with the Mozambican government.

“So when we went back to Maputo that is when we formed the Patriotic Front on October 30, 1976.
“That’s when we formed the Patriotic Front because the feeling was that we should go to (the) Geneva (Conference) as one.
“Immediately after forming the Patriotic Front, the co-leaders of the Patriotic Front, created a Commission of Inquiry to find out what led to the collapse of Zipa. What was highlighted were the fights that took place in the camps.

“So, the Commission from Zanla was led by (Cde Simon) Muzenda, (Dzingai) Mutumbuka, Rex Nhongo, Josiah Tungamirai and Mark Dube. The Zapu side was led by George Silundika, Dumiso (Dabengwa), Gordon Munyanyi, Ambrose Mutinhiri and I . . .

“That commission went to Tanzania collecting evidence; went to Zambia and the camps in Mozambique to collect evidence. But we knew what was there. Well, we knew about our mission which was limited.

“But there was another element where there were clashes in the camps. That element was a foreign element, which reveals heavy infiltration, the anti-unity element within the liberation struggle.”
VP Mphoko said after that commission, he remained in Mozambique as a Zapu representative after the withdrawal of Zipra, on the instruction of the Zipra command.

“When Mozambique became independent, we wanted a presence as Zipra. We sent a man called Tom Ndebele in 1974 to go and be our man there.

“He disappeared. So when I remained there, one of my tasks was to establish what happened to him. He was arrested. There had been too many Rhodesians . . . So he was arrested, thrown into a prison called Mashava and he died there. They killed him there.

“That was an interest we had. Frelimo was a partner and military ally and so forth. I had worked with Frelimo before. When they opened their Tete front in 1968, I personally delivered weapons to their front there.

“I had worked with them personally from a logistical point of view. And I remained there in Mozambique, as a representative now of Zapu.

“When we went to Tanzania when the leaders had decided to  . . . Zapu and Zanu, I was told by the old man, Joshua Nkomo, to go back and represent Zapu.

“And then I said to the old man: ‘Mdala, I have a problem being there in Mozambique. The relationship between Zanu and Frelimo and I am squashed there, sandwiched’.
“The old man said to me: ‘You must go back and make sure that that situation also favours you’.

“Those were his instructions. So, I went back. Now, after the formation of the Patriotic Front that’s when I was co-ordinating the two leaders of the Patriotic Front. That was my biggest mission.” sunday mail


Perekedzai Chimurenga komuredhi! Ko Tavengwa (Dabengwa) unotiiwo?

Tsvagai ducktape muname muromo weziDhara 2zvi iri!!!!!

Uyu Munhu anotopenga uyu!

I thought he would mention the much-talked about 2 million jobs. Asvikirwa neshavi raJonathan rekutaurisa uchinyepa.

The only surving witness to this story is VP Mphoko. The case is dimissed witrh the contempt is deserves. Why was it not published when it was relevant when Rex and other guys were still around? The Idiotic VP is making some galant attempts to reconstruct history. This is worse than selling tomatoes. The guy suffers from mental diarrhea and needs to be urgently repatriated to an old peoples home lest he contaminates the community with his tangent theories. I give up on this crop of people!!

Firstly, Mpoko was a CIO Agent and now the regime's 2nd VP. Secondly, Mnangagwa was the Defence Minister but now its 1st VP. Thirdly, Mugabe, was the head of that regime and is still directing it. The question is, what can be expected from Mpoko when he talks of the Gukurahundi massacres?

So Mphoko it was the west that discovered arms caches on zapu properties, confisticated the properties up to now, sent 5th brigade to Matebeleland to kill ndebeles and imposed a news blackout so that the outside world doesn't see whats happening there? Was it the west that haunted and hunted Joshua Nkomo until he fled from the country? To quote RG's words, "ZAPU is a snake and to deal with a snake strike the head" an allusion to trying to kill Joshua Nkomo. So who exactly do you take us for, babies and fools who need someone to interpret what we have seen with our own eyes? Kana usina zvekutaura kunyarara zvinei?

I didn't read the article too long. Worried my BP will shoot up. But I gotta ask. Mboko idzi dzakabvepiko? Tingatongwe memapenzi anobelonga kuAnnex aya

Haana nyaya munhu uyu. Ndiwo maplace holder just like a big fat zero in some equations. His only reason to be where he is is for Mugabe to pacify the Ndebeles by pretending to share power. He looks bored, tired, sick and in pain.

To the old people's home where you work

Yes it was the west which planted those arms so that someone clever would find them

I am reading a book by Wibur Smith titled "The leopard hunts in the Darkness"

By the way this book is banned in Zimbabwe. Although this book is fiction, there are some elements of truth and some of the things said in the book have come to pass.

Mphoko (or Mboko yemunhu) the Lord will judge you for ganging up with Jonathan Moyo and deny the fact that Zanu PF killed more than 200,000 people during Gukurahundu.

Your fellow deputy Mnangagwa was in charge and I wonder what type of conversations you have when you are together.

No one will buy such rubbish, you can try as jonathan tried to deny that Mugabe fell at HIA but the truth will always prevail.

Did not read the rest of his re-invented history lecture, but i have read the bit about apartheid SA formenting the upheaval in Matebeleland elswhere b4. There must be some truth in that. What angers the victims, their families and everyone else is not the genesis of the problem, but the way Mr Mugabi's henchmen went in there butchering innocent people, afree conviniently finding arms caches on Zapu properties. It is probably not far fetched to assume Zanu worked with apartheid SA during that time, each for their own ends.

While the apartheid SA might have helped, the ground operations where done by the 5th brigade a wing of the Zimbabwean army. This does not absolve Zanu PF from the atrocities.

Samora was killed by SA and Mugabe might have had a hand in that as well because he used to work with the apartheid government. This is the reason Mandela said Mugabe did not want him freed.

Mugabe has a clear record of eliminating any person(s) whom he feels will steal the limelight. Mandela was one pain to him. Mphoko is just opening another can of worms, South Africans will soon learn the truth that Mugabe was also behind apartheid.

Mugabe never vehemently criticised apartheid SA except demonising Desmond Tutu as a little man.

time will tell as it has done elsewhere

Well said and referenced.

I thought the real issue pertains to the mass slaughter, rapes and torture of un-armed civilians by the security forces , especially 5th Brigade.

Apa hapana zvaataura. He's saying ZANU-PF and Mugabe didn't set out to massacre a tribe on his own volition but rather it's because the West and SA vakavafurira nenhema. But that's not the issue here. The bottom line is 20,000 people were killed at the hands of ZANU-PF regardless of the circumstances that lead to it. Time for ZANU-PF and Mugabe to take ownership of their fart. As for this Mboko guy, I say as a Shona that the guy is an idiot and a disgrace to his on people not least the country.

Your historical narration of events are really shaky and very questionable. You are politicizing history here.

This Mphoko guy seems to know his stuff. His memory of events is spot on. I am not surprised that the journalist chose to highlight a headline so as to be sensationalist. Clearly the writer is trying to mislead the readers by emphasizing on the post 1980 disturbances as if these were Shona versus Ndebele wars. For too long we have heard one side of this gukurahundi story that Mugabe created dissidents as an excuse to destroy Ndebeles.

Even dogs, even donkeys know the truth.Mugabe,Crodile,Nkala and army chief and may be MPHOKO were involved in killing the Ndebele people. Anyway , what can say the killing innocent people not armed and Mphoko is standing with Mugabe coz he is eating from the plate of ZANU.PF

It's neither here nor there. He's explaining the circumstances that lead to the massacre but not addressing the elephant in the room. If this is his effort as the man incharge of nations healing then Lord help us. At least his predecessor didn't do fcuk all! He just melted into the shadows. In my opinion the Ndebele will never find healing until the death of their loved ones is explained, people brought to account and those that instigated it from behind the desks in air conditioned offices apologised sincerely.

When the time comes hang him by the balls and feed him to the Chinese. Waste of oxygen.

What I still don't understand is, if they knew it was a conspiracy buy the west, why did they fall for it and butcher their own. Or is it like after butchering their own they latter on discovered that it was the West behind it? Still if I were a leader and discover arms catches, I won't go all out to kill people but investigate and arrest. So what is Mphoko trying to justify. I didn't read the whole story so maybe he has answers somewhere.

Now Zimbabweans will know why this fool, not known by ANYONE in Zimbabwe BEFORE his "appointment", was made 2nd VP ! His stupidity level is extreme, something that RGM and ED will use to the maximum!

Kk what else can be expected from those donkey like oversized lips?

Gore rino Perekedza Mboko achatora award.
Hahaha - murume arikumama kutaura

If the new VP speaks truth, then I beg him to inform Zimbabweans: who ordered the military operation by the 5th brigade into midlands and matebeleland? The westerners? For a man who shouts sovereignty as the solution to every ill in the country I'm shocked he would act on foreign intelligence without even carrying out a diligence check. The gukurahundi ended when nkomo agreed to unity and the much protected apartheid regime was still in place. Was the threat of communism removed then? Why then we're the 5th brigade tearing innocent citizens to death on the basis of ethnicity if suppose they had been mistakenly sent after zanu combatants, why did they slay unarmed citizens? Such a huge number, all due to 'kufurirwa' by former colonizers freshly out of a war with you? What bullshit!

Not making any sense at all. Renga ndisiyane nazvo.

I want what Ndebeles have to say about this
Surely this is an insult

Iri ndakasangana naro this year ndauya kuchristmas, ndongoda kurirowa 1 mbama chete. 1 chete

Um one would need acres of duct tape to cover those flaps!

This man is not fit to be a tea boy late alone a VP. He will never be given a chance to be acting CIC. Now he is trying to curry favour with the demagogue.

Mugabe must be very proud of his manupulation tactics.He knew very well that appointing this idiot as the vice president will help him
achieve his political agenda.As expected, this clueless midget called Mphoko is bloody hallucinating during broad daylight.Talking absolute garbage!

Ummm tongotarisa zvedu isu

Madness chaiyo iyi akarumwa nembwa bayayi jekiseni re rabies

Post a Comment