As Zanu PF factions destroy each other, the military will have a huge say as to who would take over from President Mugabe.


As Zanu PF factions destroy each other, the military will have a huge say as to who would take over from President Mugabe.


He is a controversial prophet who continues to draw large crowds with his promise of miracles. But as his popularity soars he faces all sorts of allegations. So far he has survived.


Two secretary generals tried to topple him but failed. His wife walked out but returned home. Now MDC leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, is plotting his way to State House.


Latest news, entertainment and sports.

Saturday, 28 November 2015


The MDC is gravely concerned that the 2016 national budget has not put in place a substantive programme to resuscitate the ailing economy.

The poor budget statement does not indicate the willingness of the Zanu PF regime to create the promised 2, 2 million jobs, neither does it have a definitive plan to ease the liquidity crunch that is debilitating nor a programme of action to reverse the deflationary conditions prevailing in the economy and hence no positive programmes to grow the aggregate demand in the country.

As a result, the current conditions of weakening business environment will continue unabated and any hope to grow the economy dashed.

We are also dismayed by the lukewarm approach to increase both domestic and foreign investors by government. The budget statement fails to come up with a robust investment promotion initiative yet government is aware that the critical factors militating against investment are guaranteed property rights, improved access to finance at competitive costs, poor industrial infrastructure, corruption, and the high costs of doing business.

The fact that Zimbabwe has remained at the tail of global competitiveness in the world rankings for doing business should have spurred the Zanu PF government to deal decisively, once and for all, with all the factors militating against improving the environment for doing business in the country.

The incremental, gradual approach and snail’s pace of business policy reform adopted by Zanu PF will not give the nation the immediate reprieve needed to change the misfortune of Zimbabweans wallowing in poverty.

The glaring failure to deal with the infrastructure deficits is an indicator of a government that has no solutions for the suffering masses of Zimbabwe. It must be made clear that the infrastructure deficits are not a new problem but a situation that was carefully contrived by the Zanu PF governments’ mismanagements and poor economic policies over the years. Accordingly we do not believe that it is sincere in its slap dash programs to address this problem now and in the future.

The budget statement revealed the declining performance of the agricultural sector which is the backbone of Zimbabwe's economy. The government’s failure to pay for the agricultural produce every year, its failure to plan for adequate inputs to support the sector, and its inability to create sufficient conditions for increased investment in the sector can only exemplify the lip service it is according to agriculture in the country.

The current hunger in the Southern and South Eastern parts of the country is a phenomenon that will continue into the future. The small allocation made to this sector will come late when the growing season is already expended and will therefore have a minimal impact on agricultural output.

The national budget should be taken as an important instrument used to direct, manage and reposition a country’s economy and welfare of its citizens.

It is a tool used by governments world over to raise revenues, allocate resources and redirect the economy to achieve set objectives which are enunciated in national plans. In this context it should ideally be a short term tool to raise revenue, allocate public expenditure and put into place economic policies and programmes, which steer the national economy to achieve set objectives usually set in economic blue prints of a nation.

In addition it is a tool that is used to address the emergent problems which many be militating against the achievement of national development objectives. It should indeed be the rallying point for all national efforts to mobilize the scarce human and material resources in a direction that engender national unity and national well-being as espoused in the development programmes of a nation.

Further, budget presentations should take stock of the status quo in the economic and national well-being and call arms all stakeholders to contribute their all in nation building and to resolving the persistent problems which may be bedevilling the welfare of the nation. The utility of this tool in Zimbabwe is no different.

Zimbabwe is currently one of the most backwards economies not only in the region but the UN subcontinent with a population that is wallowing in poverty and with an economy that is regressing especially at a time when other economies are registering rapid growth and development. Zimbabwe is an economy whose majority population is living well below the internationally acceptable levels of poverty of one US dollar a day, where the levels of unemployment are over 90% , where the bulk of the economically active population are emigrating to other robust economies to eke living, where almost all sectors of the economy are reducing production and productivity, where national infrastructure is seriously being downgraded and where hunger stalks the erstwhile breadbasket of Africa.

In particular, the Zimbabwe economy is punctuated by reducing aggregate consumer demand leading to persistent and deepening levels of deflation ever recorded in the history of the nation. As a result, the level of de-industrialisation and closure of businesses is unparalleled in history. Instead of building factories and business units which should employ the budge-oning population, it is an environment where the in formalisation of the economy is growing in leaps and bounds and where the youth nurse hopes of ever getting a job in the foreseeable future in a country of their birth.

It is in the context of the above that one would hope that any government worth its salt would stand up to address these problems. Instead the incumbent government spends its time at best paying lip service to these issues, at worse not even putting a plan, programme to address the issues.

Over and above this, the infighting that is taking place in Zanu PF and various government ministries cannot aid the country to move in one direction in shoring production and productivity. The current government is very unstable and is concentrating efforts in the power struggles whose impact can only lead to declining economics performance. As if this is not enough, its insatiable appetite to spend even above the budgeted allocations cannot go unnoticed. We are aware of the serious over expenditures on the presidential budget which expenditures have nothing to do with national output.

More importantly, such expenditures are disproportionately above the total sums allocated for capital development in the country. Surely if the highest office in the country is unable to curb its appetite for conspicuous consumption, where is expenditure control going to emanate from.
Webber Chinyadza - MDC Secretary for Economic Affairs


MOTORISTS must now think twice before committing traffic offences following an upward review of traffic fines by the government with effect from January next year.

Announcing the 2016 National Budget on Thursday, Finance and Economic Development Minister Patrick Chinamasa outlined the new fines structure in a move he said was meant to instil a sense of discipline among motorists and reduce carnage on the roads.

The Minister said the current scale of fines was not deterrent enough for motorists to adhere to the country’s traffic rules and regulations.

He said motorists will now pay a $100 fine for offences that were attracting a $20 fine. These include proceeding through a red robot, overtaking over a solid white line, driving without a driver’s licence or driving a vehicle without a functioning foot brake.

The Minister said for failing to signal slowing down, stopping or turning right or left, cutting a corner, encroaching over white lines at a robot, proceeding against amber robot and abusive behaviour, offenders will now pay $20 up from $10.

He said for double parking, leaks of fuel and oil, discarding rubbish from vehicles or spitting in or from vehicles, offenders will pay $10 up from $5.

“High levels of carnage continue to be witnessed on the country’s roads. Most of the carnage is a result of human error arising from failure to observe road traffic regulations. Some motorists, particularly, commuter omnibus and ‘mshika-shika’ (pirate taxi) drivers, continue to risk the lives of passengers and other motorists due to negligent driving,” said Minister Chinamasa.

“Road traffic fines are meant to be a deterrent for criminal behaviour. The current standard scale of fines which was last reviewed in 2009, doesn’t however, promote safety and discipline on the roads. The traffic fines are generally lower than those obtaining in the region. I, therefore, propose to review the level of road traffic fines to begin from level 2 and end at level 4 of the standard scale of fines, with effect from January 1, 2016.”

He said the most common offences committed by motorists include proceeding against red robots, overtaking against white solid lines, driving on the wrong side of the road, dropping passengers at undesignated points and failing to stop when instructed to do so by the police, among others.
According to a recent transport parliamentary committee report, nearly 30,000 people were killed in road accidents between 1997 and 2013, with nearly 288,000 being injured over the same period.
Eighty five percent of the accidents were blamed on human error.

Drunken driving, fatigue, use of cell phones when driving and going through red robots were cited amongst the causes of accidents. Bad roads, stray animals, inadequate road signage and markings were also cited.


TWO police officers stationed at Lupane Police Station have been arrested for negligent driving and driving without a licence after a vehicle they were travelling in veered off the road and hit a pedestrian.
Constable Abraham Chokera was driving the vehicle belonging to Constable Ernest Mahoko when the accident occurred on May 7 this year. The two were travelling with their girlfriends Charity Sibanda and Brenda Ndlovu.

Constables Chokera and Mahoko appeared before Lupane magistrate Ndumo Masuku yesterday charged with negligent driving and driving without a licence. Both cops had no valid driver’s licences.

The duo, represented by Tonderai Mukuku of Marondedze, Mukuku and Partners and Emmanuel Mlalazi of Dube-Banda Nzarayapenga Legal practitioners, pleaded not guilty.
Const Mahoko was found not guilty after witnesses told the court that Const Chokera is the one who was driving the car.

Const Chokera had his plea of not guilty altered to guilty after consultation with his lawyer.
He was fined $300 for driving without a valid licence and was remanded to a later date for sentencing on the negligent driving charge.

Prosecuting, Sanders Sibanda said the car was speeding. “On May 7, Const Chokera was given car keys by Const Mahoko to drive the vehicle belonging to the later. Const Chokera drove from the police camp to Lupane centre and later on the same day Const Mahoko joined him,” said Sibanda.
“The two drove to Lupane Beer Garden where they picked their girlfriends Charity Sibanda and Brenda Ndlovu. They proceeded to Downtown Shopping Centre. When they approached a curve at the 1km peg due east along the Lupane-Nkayi road, the car veered off the road to the right and hit a pedestrian Mgcini Ndlovu.”

He said the car only stopped after hitting a tree. Ndlovu sustained bruises on the face and a fractured pelvic bone while their girlfriends sustained some injuries. The State said the cops were driving at an excessive speed and hence they failed to stop when an accident seemed imminent.


A BULAWAYO man who was hit by a speeding vehicle in the city centre on Thursday afternoon has died. Lloyd Mdhluli of Paddonhurst suburb was hit by a Mercedes Benz E320 along 9th Avenue, directly opposite The Chronicle offices.
Motorist holds his head in his hands

He died yesterday — 18 hours after the accident — at the United Bulawayo Hospitals where he had been admitted. His brother, Ray Mdhluli, confirmed his death.
He said Mdhluli died at 11AM.
“Lloyd fought for his life throughout Thursday night in the Intensive Care Unit at the United Bulawayo Hospitals but unfortunately, he didn’t make it,” Ray said. He was hit by a driver, Rodrick Zhou, 35, of Romney Park who was travelling with two unidentified women.

Zhou told The Chronicle that he had been rushing to pick up some friends when he hit Mdhluli.
“I was rushing to Bulawayo Centre to pick up some guys and we were going for soccer practice at AmaZulu Sports Club. I really can’t say what happened but I wanted to overtake a vehicle that was ahead of me when suddenly I saw two men in front of me and the next thing I had hit one of them,” he said.
Zhou, who looked confused, said he regretted driving at excessive speed in the middle of the city as it had resulted in an accident. An airtime vendor who witnessed the incident said he saw two men crossing the road and suddenly the speeding Mercedes Benz tried to overtake another vehicle. Mdhluli, who had no identity particulars, was quickly identified by a friend who was about 100 metres away from the spot.
He was a popular cellphone technician at the Bulawayo Centre and a Victory Fellowship Church member.
Three nurses in uniform, who were on their way from work, battled to stem the blood loss after they found passersby trying to apply first aid to him. They bought needles and drip from a pharmacy nearby to try and stabilise Mdhluli before an ambulance arrived some 15 minutes later to ferry him to hospital.


FORMER Midlands governor Cephas Msipa has said President Robert Mugabe is central to the factional wars playing out in the Zanu PF party and the fights will not end without an orderly and predictable plan to transfer authority.

The observations are contained in Msipa’s memoirs titled In Pursuit of Freedom and Justice launched on Thursday in the capital.

Mugabe, in power since Independence in 1980, has already been endorsed by sections in Zanu PF as the ruling party’s candidate for the 2018 elections despite his growing age and increasing frailty.

“I, therefore, maintain that the people of Zimbabwe deserve better institutional arrangements than are currently on offer. The Zanu PF constitution is a document of national interest that must be amended to allow for an orderly and predictable transfer of authority,” Msipa, who served as a Cabinet minister in different portfolios before quitting active politics, said.

“In all this, Robert Mugabe has the power to remove causes of factionalism in Zanu PF. That has been my call and it will remain my call.”

He said it was not clear how the party would judge if one has unbridled ambition to take over power from Mugabe, an accusation that caused the sacking of former Vice-President Joice Mujuru and other senior officials, including Rugare Gumbo and Didymus Mutasa, from both government and the party.

“Meanwhile, the party’s own methods are not crystal clear. For instance, how does one measure the extent of unbridled ambition when attempts by ambitious aspirants to position themselves strategically for the eventual succession are met with hostility?
“We need to find a way to reduce the tension in Zanu PF succession politics as well as in our body politic,” the sharp-tongued Msipa added.

He described the sudden fall of Mujuru and her allies as a bizarre replay of her dramatic ascendency to the position of VP in 2004.

Msipa, who at one point claimed to have talked to Mugabe to consider identifying a successor, also wrote about several other issues, including the genesis of the indigenisation concept, his upbringing and contribution to the country’s development and the political conflict in Matabeleland region that claimed almost 20 000 lives, among others. He also bemoaned the involvement of the military in elections where they threatened villagers so that they voted for Zanu PF.

Speaker after speaker spoke glowingly about the courage exhibited by Msipa in penning a frank account of his life.

“Dr Msipa’s book provides us politicians, policymakers, academics, students of history and committed Zimbabweans with a reflective mirror to review the moments that have defined the evolution of our nation’s political, economic and social realities over the past five decades,” Midlands State University lecturer Terrence Mashingaidze said.

Rugare Gumbo, spokesperson of People First, said Msipa was a well-respected politician whose title summed up the struggle that Zimbabweans were still going through 35 years after independence.

“We are happy that he sat down to write a book. He is honest and a respected person, unlike other corrupt politicians. I want to urge all our liberation fighters that they have a responsibility to tell Zimbabweans the truthful account of the liberation war,” he said.

“There is a lot of misinformation where someone, who was in her nappies by that time will try to tell us about the struggle. You can’t fool around saying all sorts of things about the struggle.”



Friday, 27 November 2015


A self-styled traditional healer who was accused of raping his client claiming that he wanted to remove a growth on her genitals has been acquitted. Ngonidzashe Hakata (27) was yesterday acquitted of rape charges at the close of the State’s case when he appeared before Harare magistrate Mr Adonija Masawi.

Mr Masawi said the victim, Fadzi Manyengavana (23), did not voluntarily report the matter to the police, but was forced to do so by her husband, Victor Mudube.

He said if it was true that Manyengavana was raped, she was supposed to report the matter on time rather than wait for two months.

“The State failed to prove its case against the accused,” he said. Allegations are that sometime in September this year Manyengavana went to Hakata’s place of residence to seek spiritual healing.

Upon arrival, it is alleged that Manyengavana joined a queue of people who had come for spiritual healing. When her turn came, she went into the room where Hakata was.
The court heard that Manyengavana informed Hakata that she had a growth on her genitals and she was given holy water to bath.

When she came back into the house, Hakata allegedly told her that she needed to have sexual intercourse with a man other than her husband. It is the State’s case that Manyengavana told Hakata that she did not have a boyfriend.

This, the court heard, prompted Hakata to offer himself to have sexual intercourse with her purporting that he would remove the growth. It is alleged that Manyengavana agreed and they had sexual intercourse. After that it is alleged that Hakata gave Manyengavana some concoctions to use on her genitals.

The court heard that sometime in October Mudube fell ill and on the 20th of that month he went to clinic with Manyengavana where they were both found to be suffering from a sexually transmitted disease.

It is alleged that Mudube questioned Manyengavana about the cause of the illness.
At first she did not reveal the truth, only to tell her husband the truth on October 23d through a note.
The court heard that Manyengavana reported the matter to the police leading to Hakata’s arrest. herald


Prominent University of Zimbabwe academic and senior lecturer in the English Department, Dr Vimbai Gukwe Chivaura, was buried yesterday at his Dovendale Farm in Concession.
 Dr Chivaura was on Thursday declared a liberation war hero after recommendations by the Zanu-PF Harare Province.

He was buried with full military honours befitting his status. Earlier in the morning, Dr Chivaura’s body was taken to University of Zimbabwe Chapel for a church service. Speaker after speaker spoke about Dr Chivaura’s humility and his love for African culture and his country.

University of Zimbabwe Vice Chancellor Professor Levy Nyagura said Dr Chivaura was one of the few lecturers who remained at the institution at the height of economic difficulties in 2008.
“Dr Chivaura was one of the few lecturers who remained steadfast during the economic challenges even though there was a lot of temptation to leave the country. I am sure he had already discovered his calling at a tender age. He was a selfless person dedicated to his country,” said Prof Nyagura.

A close friend, Dr Rino Zhuwarara, said Dr Chivaura’s struggle was focused on the need for mental decolonisation of fellow Zimbabweans.
“His war was that of the mind. I am sure you remember Steve Biko who used to say that the ‘greatest weapon in the hands of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed’,” said Dr Zhuwarara.

Speaking on behalf of Mashonaland Central Minister of State for Provincial Affairs Advocate Martin Dinha, the deputy director for provincial affairs Mr Admore Shereni, said Dr Chivaura’s death was a great loss to the nation and the province.

“We are not only gathered to mourn a dedicated patriot and nationalist, but also a renowned intellectual who during his lifetime immensely contributed to the well-built academic base of Zimbabwe and beyond,” Mr Shereni said. He applauded Dr Chivaura for his role in the transformation of the English Department at the University of Zimbabwe whose curriculum was euro- centric.

Dr Chivaura joined the Faculty of Arts as a Research Fellow in 1983 and was formally appointed to the position of lecturer in the Department of English on May 1, 1986.
His appointment together with other African lecturers like Dr Thorel Tsomondo, Dr Zhuwarara, Dr Ranga Zinyemba, Mr Musaemura Zimumya and Ngugi wa Mirii and Kimani Gecau saw the radical transformation of the Department of English into what it has become today.

Dr Chivaura is survived by his wife Sophia and four children. herald


Harare Mayor Mr Bernard Manyenyeni is reportedly eyeing a top of the range vehicle which was being used by ousted town clerk Dr Tendai Mahachi. Mr Manyenyeni has since written to Dr Mahachi demanding that he surrenders the water project vehicle, a Land Rover Discovery 4, which he had been using.

Mr Manyenyeni uses a Mercedes ML vehicle, which was bought for his predecessor, Mr Muchadeyi Masunda, at a cost of $130 000, but is now in bad shape and in need of constant repairs.

Last year, Mr Manyenyeni turned down a $200 000 mayoral car, but council is said to be in the process of hunting for a new car for him.
Mr Manyenyeni said he refused the Mercedes-Benz S350 arguing that he could do with a car that costs less than $100 000.

Sources at Town House said Mr Manyenyeni now wants another car, particularly the water project vehicle which was being used by Dr Mahachi because of constant breakdowns he is experiencing with his old Mercedes.

“The mayor wants to use the Discovery which is still fairly new so that the city avoids buying him another vehicle,” said a source. “He has since written to Dr Mahachi requesting that he hands over the vehicle to the city.”
Mr Manyenyeni denied that he wanted to use the vehicle which was bought under the $144 million loan arrangement from China-Eximbank, saying it was a project vehicle.

“It is a council vehicle,” he said. “A Morton Jaffray water project vehicle. They (council) are doing something about it but it’s not an issue. Most of the time I use the double cab we borrow from Harare Water Department.”

Council recently offered Dr Mahachi a $150 000 retirement package and an option to buy his Toyota VX Land Cruiser at book value for his contribution and service to the city.
Mr Manyenyeni said he had requested the vehicle for a State event, but Dr Mahachi refused to hand it over.

“I will not use it,” he said. “We only requested it just one day for a State occasion and he refused. We could not use my personal car because my council drivers are not insured in my car and my personal driver cannot drive me on council business.”

Mr Manyenyeni is not the only mayor who refused a vehicle as in 2013, Kwekwe mayor Mr Matenda Madzoke made headlines when he forced the local authority to recover $30 000 which had been deposited with a car dealer for the purchase of a mayoral vehicle.

He instead directed council to use the money to buy a tractor to use in refuse collection.
Mr Madzoke is in the habit of riding a bicycle to work, insisting council revenue should be used for more pressing issues like service delivery and road maintenance.
Kwekwe council has since moved to buy a $60 000 Jeep Cherokee for Mr Madzoke. herald


State Procurement Board chairperson Mr Charles Kuwaza is now jobless as Government has resolved not to renew his contract following its expiry at the end of this month.

President Mugabe only retained Ambassador Buzawani Mothobi, who becomes the new chairman, and Mr William Kurebgaseka, who were members of the board led by Mr Kuwaza.,The new SPB set-up was announced in a Government Gazette published yesterday.

This comes as President Mugabe’s office will also directly lead the fight against corruption after transferring the administration of the Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission from the Ministry of Home Affairs to his department.

Mr Kuwaza has been at the helm of the tender board since the early 2000s with his contract being renewed several times, but this time President Mugabe slammed the door on him.
Other members of the new SPB board are deputy chairperson Mrs Vimbai Nyemba, Retired Colonel Joseph Mhakayakora, Ambassador Boniface Chidyausiku, Mr Michael Musanzikwa, Engineer Martin Manuhwa, Mr Davison Norupiri and a Mrs N. Moyo.

The SPB has also been stripped of powers to award tenders, a move necessitated by the discovery of loopholes that could have facilitated corrupt activities by board members.

The awarding of tenders will now be done by accounting officers in various State departments and companies, with the SPB only playing a supervisory and monitoring role to ensure Government entities comply with the Procurement Act and other set standards.

“It is hereby notified that the President has in terms of Section 6 of the Procurement Act (Chapter 22:14), appointed the persons listed in the schedule as members of the State Procurement Board with effect from December 1, 2015 up to September 30, 2016,” reads the Government Gazette.
On the stripping of SPB powers, the Government Gazette stated: “It is hereby notified that the Vice President, after consultation with the Minister of Finance and Economic Development, has in terms of Section 33 of the Procurement Act (Chapter 22:14) made the following regulations — the Procurement Regulations, 2002 published in Statutory Instrument 171 of 2002 are amended—(a) in Section 2 in the definition of ‘procuring entity” by the deletion of ‘on whose behalf the State Procurement Board conducts procurement proceedings’ and substitution with ‘which conducts procurement on behalf of Government with the supervision of the State Procurement Board.’

The Chief Secretary to the President and Cabinet, Dr Misheck Sibanda, disclosed yesterday that President Mugabe’s Office was now in charge of the ant-graft body while announcing the new ZACC members.

Dr Sibanda said: “His Excellency the President has also transferred the administration of the Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission from the Ministry of Home Affairs to the Office of the President and Cabinet.”

ZACC had been operating without commissioners for the past two years and in most cases whistleblowers were turned away and referred to the police.

The new ZACC chairperson is Mr Job Whabira, a former permanent secretary in the ministries of Home Affairs and Defence who was appointed in terms of Section 254 (1) (a) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (Number 20).

Other members of the commission are: Dr Nanette Silukhuni (deputy chairperson), Mr Goodson Nguni, Mrs Christine Fundira, Mr Denford Chirindo, Ms Cathy Muchechetere, Mr Thandaza Masiye Moyo, Mr Farai Mashonganyika and Mr Boyana Ndou.

Mr Chirindo was the last substantive ZACC chairperson.
Meanwhile, President Mugabe has also appointed Bishop Emeritus Ambrose Moyo as the chairperson of the National Peace and Reconciliation Commission.

He will be deputised by Ms Lilian Chigwedere while other members include Patience Chiradza, Choice Ndoro, Netty Musanhu, Charles Masunungure, Dr Geoffrey Chada, Leslie Ncube and Godfrey Chekenyere. herald


IT WAS meant to be a highway modernised in honour of the late Father Zimbabwe, but a boob by Transport and Infrastructure Ministry officials saw an upgraded road being unveiled as the Harare International Airport Road, instead of its official name: Joshua Nkomo Expressway in the capital.

President Robert Mugabe officially opened the road that leads to the Harare International Airport on Wednesday, but an embarrassing mistake by officials resulted in the commemorative plaque identifying it as Harare International Airport Road.

Transport and Infrastructural Development Minister Joram Gumbo yesterday told The Chronicle that the road’s official name was “Joshua Nkomo Road”, but when asked why it had been identified as Harare International Airport Road, he replied: “It will be sorted out. I’ll talk to the guys who do the writing and they will call you.”

Former Harare mayor Muchadeyi Masunda said the Harare City Council was the first to moot the idea to name the road after the late Vice President.

“What I can tell you is that officially, that road is called Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo. It was previously Queensway after the Queen that’s why you have the suburb Queensdale nearby. It later became Airport Road before it was named Joshua Nkomo. When I left council in 2013, nothing had changed. That’s its official name.”

The website of the Zimbabwe National Road Authority (Zinara) which took over the construction of the road in 2013 also identifies it by its official name in honour of the late Vice President

Zinara came on board after Augur investments that had entered into a deal with the Harare City Council to dualise, extend and develop the road into a highway with complex high rise motorways and road and rail subways, struggled to finish the job.

Augur investments was supposed to ensure that the 15-kilometre road went from the Harare International Airport to Dieppe Road in Braeside suburb, before being extended up to the intersection of Robert Mugabe Road and Enterprise Road in the city.

The company was supposed to build two complex bridges over the Harare-Mutare railway line, which will be reduced to a rail subway, after which the raised motorway would drop into Enterprise Road.



Respected Zanu PF elder, Cephas Msipa, has penned a book that could set the cat among the pigeons within government circles as it spotlights on democracy deficiencies in the country and how authorities did little as an estimated 20 000 innocent people, mainly in Matabeleland and the Midlands, were brutally killed by the Fifth Brigade in the early 80s.

The book, titled In Pursuit of Freedom and Justice — A Memoir, dismisses the official massaging of narratives on the Gukurahundi atrocities as “a moment of madness”, saying as the massacres happened over a period spanning more than five years, they cannot therefore be described as such.

Querying the reasons why the government had deployed the military in the western regions of the country then, Msipa also asks why it was “necessary for North Korea to train this army (5th Brigade)” in the first place, adding almost despairingly that “only God Knows”.

“Innocent men, women and children perished in their thousands. They were accused of either harbouring dissidents or supporting them. It turned out to be a massacre of people perceived to be PF Zapu supporters.

“The fact that the people were Ndebele-speakers was regarded as sufficient proof that they were PF Zapu supporters and therefore dissident supporters,” reads part of the book.

He also described the statement that the massacres were “a moment of madness” -- which is attributed to President Robert Mugabe -- as absurd, adding that three decades after Gukurahundi was launched, it still raised “more questions than answers”.

In one of the strongest condemnations of one of the darkest periods in the history of post-independent Zimbabwe, Msipa -- who fondly refers to Mugabe as his muzukuru (nephew), and helped broker the unity accord of 1987 that ended hostilities between Zanu and Zapu -- described the killings as “gruesome”, calling on authorities “to look into the aftermath of Gukurahundi.”

“Gukurahundi was not a day’s event or a ‘moment of madness’. It began in 1981 and continued until 1987 when the unity accord was signed.

“There were meetings at which the matter was raised in my presence, and Mugabe insisted that the matter be discussed so he could learn more about what had happened and was still happening.

“The question is why did he not know what was happening when it was in the media and many human rights organisations and churches were publicly protesting (about it),” Msipa writes.

He also claims in the book that as early as 1960, Mugabe was already keen on establishing a one party state in the country.

“Mugabe supported the idea of a one-party state back then, but he did not speak much about his personal experiences in Ghana. It was as if something had gone wrong while he was in Ghana, which he did not want to disclose,” Msipa said.

Despite the two men enjoying a decades-long friendship, Msipa was fired from Mugabe’s cabinet during the Gukurahundi era and placed under house arrest, something he says still puzzles him up to this day.

A man of steadfast principles and strong convictions, Msipa also says in the book that when Zanu split from Zapu in the early 1960s, he was allegedly approached by Mugabe to desert Nkomo, but refused.

“When the split occurred, Mugabe had approached me and asked if I would join Zanu. I told him I would not because I did not trust Ndabaningi Sithole. He then said to me, ‘I hope this will not affect our relationship’.

“Why should it?’ I replied, and indeed it in no way affected our friendship, which continues up to now. He remains my ‘Muzukuru’ and I remain his ‘Sekuru’”.

Msipa also touches on the disputed 2008 elections in his book and says it was during the presidential run-off elections where the “army was active” that he had decided to end his illustrious political career, as he had been appalled by the army’s involvement in the elections.

“At one election meeting, in chief Mazvihwa’s area in Zvishavane, I was surprised to find myself sharing a platform with army commanders.

“I kept asking myself, ‘is this the freedom we fought for?’ ... it was there that I made up my mind that I would never again participate in elections where people were openly threatened and intimidated into voting for any political party,” Msipa said.


Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s mooted ambitions to succeed President Robert Mugabe suffered another devastating blow on Wednesday when a stormy Zanu PF politburo meeting endorsed the suspension and expulsion of dozens of his supporters around the country.

Well-placed sources who spoke to the Daily News yesterday said so explosive was the politburo get-together that a female Cabinet minister and perceived staunch Mnangagwa ally allegedly wept uncontrollably in the meeting, amid fierce factional fighting — and as a stunned Mugabe apparently watched the farce in stony silence.

One of the sources said more senior party officials loyal to Mnangagwa were set to face the chop in the next few months, as the post-congress Zanu PF’s factional and succession wars continue to escalate, and as the VP’s party enemies ratchet up the pressure on him and his supporters.

The embattled Mnangagwa is said to have not personally attempted to either oppose or stop Wednesday’s suspensions and expulsions during the politburo’s deliberations, appearing instead to “look up to president Mugabe for direction and help, but Gushungo (Mugabe) never said a thing”.

Among the officials who were either expelled or suspended on various allegations, including those related to fanning factionalism, included former Manicaland women’s league boss Happiness Nyakuedzwa and former Mashonaland Central youth league chairperson Godfrey Tsenengamu, who was suspended for five years.

In addition, former Harare provincial chairperson Godwills Masimirembwa, former Harare women’s league chairperson Ratidzo Mukararati, and former Masvingo chairperson Paradzai Chakona, all had their votes of no confidence upheld.

“Two MPs, Sylvester Nguni (Mhondoro Mubaira) and Chriswell Mutematsaka (Guruve South) were expelled outright from the party for having joined (former vice president Joice) Mujuru’s People First party.

“The politburo also resolved that all acting provincial chairpersons be made substantive with immediate effect, and Masvingo was directed to find a replacement for Chakona,” a politburo member revealed.

Another source claimed that there had also been “a fierce row” between First Lady Grace Mugabe and Water minister Oppah Muchinguri-Kashiri, which had allegedly left the latter battered and in tears.

“Team Lacoste (Mnangagwa camp) received a mighty beating in the meeting. People like (political commissar Saviour) Kasukuwere and (deputy youth league secretary Kudzanai) Chipanga vigorously lobbied for the ouster of Mnangagwa’s supporters, especially in Manicaland where the vote of no confidence on Nyakuedzwa was upheld,” a politburo member who claimed to be “non-aligned” said.

Muchinguri-Kashiri — who is allegedly aligned to Mnangagwa and has recently been locked in a vicious power struggle with Grace’s supporters in Manicaland — is said to have started the fight with the first lady whom she accused of fuelling infighting in the troubled province.

Muchinguri-Kashiri, according to insiders, allegedly told Grace that she was the most senior party official in the province and thus always needed to be consulted on important decisions impacting on the region — apparently further insinuating that Grace had so far failed to run the women’s league properly.

“This angered Amai (Grace) and as she spoke, she got angrier and angrier saying ‘wakabvira kare uchindijairira ... (You have never respected me)”— apparently going on to give Muchinguri-Kashiri a severe tongue-lashing which resulted in the Water minister crying.

Ironically, the two women were buddies only last year when they worked together to oust former vice president Joice Mujuru from power. In addition, Muchinguri-Kashiri relinquished her post as women’s league secretary to make way for Grace.

Mugabe is said to have avoided joining the bust-up, only speaking much later when he appeared to admonish both Muchinguri-Kashiri and War veterans minister Christopher Mutsvangwa for often flaunting their liberation war credentials to get special treatment in the party.

“The president acknowledged the important role the war veterans had played, and continued to play, but warned that their continued deification could divide Zanu PF,” another source said.

According to this source, Kasukuwere reiterated his previous description of some war veterans as drunkards, saying “we respect war veterans but only if they are respectable themselves. If they are drunkards we will not respect such war veterans”.

Meanwhile, other well-placed sources have also told the Daily News that more senior officials loyal to Mnangagwa were set to face the chop as his party enemies ratcheted up the pressure on him and his supporters.

One of the sources claimed that Mnangagwa’s “misfortune” was that “two of his biggest party rivals”, Kasukuwere and Vice President Phelekezela Mphoko, were allegedly “squeezing him and his allies” on two fronts.


PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe will this weekend come face-to-face with gays and lesbians — whom he has publicly excoriated as being “worse than pigs and dogs” — when he officially opens the 18th International Conference on Aids and STIs (sexually transmitted infections) (Icasa) in Africa, in Harare on Sunday.

It will be held between Sunday and Friday next week, under the theme “Aids in the Post-2015 Era: Linking Leadership, Science and Human Rights”.

The conference will be attended by thousands of people, including leading scientists, policymakers, activists, gays and lesbians, people living with HIV and Aids, as well as government leaders and civil society representatives.

In 1995, government shut down a book exhibition by Galz at the Harare International Book Fair after which Mugabe declared: “Homosexuals are worse than dogs and pigs; dogs and pigs will never engage in homosexual madness; even insects won’t do it.”

In 2013, he blasted American President Barack Obama accusing him of wanting to impose gay rights in Zimbabwe.

“Then we have this American President, Obama, born of an African father, who is saying we will not give you aid if you don’t embrace homosexuality,” Mugabe said, while addressing a rally.

“We ask, was he born out of homosexuality?

“We need continuity in our race, and that comes from the woman, and no to homosexuality. John and John, no; Maria and Maria, no.”

Gays and lesbians, through the Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (Galz) have been involved in planning the conference, with officials from different ministries, including Home Affairs and Health engaging them on various issues.
Galz director Chester Samba said his organisation was happy to be included in the programme, despite stigma, intimidation and harassment by police in the past.

“There are a number of sessions from the main plenary, especially the community village plenary,” Samba said.

“We submitted our abstraction for consideration in that category and we are pleased that it was successful.

“Our presentation will be on Thursday. We are satisfied with the level of participation and how government has been involving us in Icasa, even on the conference design.”

“This is the first time government officials from the Ministry of Health, Tourism and Home Affairs have communicated with Galz officially.”

The Icasa conference would be the first gathering at which Mugabe directly addresses gays and lesbians in Zimbabwe.

His speech will be keenly watched as he has previously ridiculed and castigated the lesbian and gay community.

In September at the United General Assembly meeting in New York, Mugabe rejected pressure from Western countries to adopt what he called “new rights” by forcing Africans to accept gays and lesbians.

“We equally reject attempts to prescribe new rights that are contrary to our norms, values, traditions and beliefs. We are not gays,” he said.

Mugabe has had so many running battles with gays after openly exhibiting his relentless homophobia.

In 2001, Mugabe’s bodyguards assaulted a gay rights activist Peter Tatchell after he tried to effect a citizen arrest on Mugabe over human rights abuses during an official visit to Brussels in Belgium.

Samba said despite the persistence of hate language targeted at homosexuals as evidenced by Zanu PF members calling their political rivals “gay gangsters”, thousands of people were seeking Galz assistance.

“Unfortunately, the hostile rhetoric continues and we find it very disturbing,” he said.

“When sexual orientation is used as a tool of repression, our communities are affected and exposed to harassment and violence.” independent


PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe’s spokesman George Charamba has re-ignited suspicions that the 2013 general elections were rigged in his heated exchange with War Veterans minister Chris Mutsvangwa via WhatsApp messages.

Charamba and Mutsvangwa clashed days after President Robert Mugabe embarrassingly read a wrong speech during the official opening of parliament in September.

During the prolonged slanging match, where the two traded insults, Charamba curiously asked Mutsvangwa, also a Zanu PF politburo member and Norton MP, if he knew how the July 2013 elections were won. Charamba, in turn, also asked the minister if he was even aware of how he won his Norton seat.

“… Do you even know how you ended up in parliament, and a minister? Unoziva kuti 2013 yakauya sei? (Do you know how the 2013 elections were won?)” asked Charamba.

To which Mutsvangwa replied: “2013 yakauya sei?” (Explain how the 2013 general elections were won?).

The 2013 elections were marred by allegations of systematic rigging, disenfranchisement of voters, a chaotic voter registration exercise and use of an outdated voters’ roll, among other irregularities.

Mugabe won the disputed election with 2 110 434 (61,09%) votes, while MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai followed with 1 172 349 (33,94%) votes. Zanu PF also secured a two-thirds majority in parliament.

Opposition parties and civil society members insist the elections were rigged.

Ahead of the elections, the Zimbabwe Independent exclusively revealed that an Israeli company, Nikuv International Projects, which deals with voters’ registration and elections results, had been hired to doctor election results.

Nikuv was working with Registrar-General (RG) Tobaiwa Mudede’s office to compile the voters’ roll and was paid in excess of US$10,5 million between February and July though the RG’s Office’s FBC account.

In February Mudede paid US$1 600 000 before making a further US$1 580 890 in March and US$1 853 100 in April.
He also paid US$1 756 475 in May, another US$1 405 200 in June and US$2 383 670 in July, bringing the total amount paid a day before elections to the company to US$10 578 335.

The account was said to be classified as “highly confidential” at the bank and senior employees were made to sign a “confidentiality clause” around it as it was considered “sensitive”.

When Mudede was asked by the Independent in August 2013 at his offices in Harare to clarify the shady payments, he said: “The Registrar-General’s Department does not handle such matters through the press.”

A day before the elections, Nikuv founder and CEO Emmanuel Antebi, in the company of his deputy Ammon Peer, met Mugabe and then defence minister Emmerson Mnangagwa, then transport minister (former state security) Nicholas Goche and Central Intelligence Organisations deputy director Aaron Nhepera for an hour-and-half at State House.

In its election report titled The End of the Road: The Zimbabwe 2013 Elections Solidarity Peace Trust said the “leap in one million votes for Zanu PF was hard to explain between 2008 and 2013, “it is more believable when seen (only) as 27% higher than their 2002 vote” independent


SOUTH Africa’s second biggest opposition party Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) leader Julius Malema has accused President Robert Mugabe’s government of doling out shares in expropriated companies to individuals rather than ordinary people.

Malema, despite being seen as a “disciple” of Mugabe and Zanu PF’s “scorched earth” policies, told the Oxford Union in the United Kingdom on Wednesday that he was not agitating for expropriation..

He tore into Mugabe’s flagship black economic empowerment policy, posited by the Zanu PF government as an African model.

“We will occupy ABSA and other institutions so that you pay attention. Strategic institutions will have to be occupied. There are so many stupid things we did during the armed struggle, but look where they got us. We got the attention of the international community and the oppressor to agree to come to the negotiating table,” he said.

“Unlike how it was done in Zimbabwe, where 51% was given to individuals, (under) the so-called indigenisation policy, I am not saying that. I am saying you remain the boss, but invite the workers equally to be bosses.” He said he was not against private ownership of business.

“I am not saying let us scrap private ownership, I am calling for partnership with workers, not individuals. The only way it can be done properly is for capital to genuinely partner workers. They need to invite workers to be bosses, give the workers shares whatever percentage that would have been agreed. But do not get them into deep loans financed by banks and that the workers will have to service,” Malema said.
Malema has in the past described Mugabe as an icon and supported the country’s land redistribution programme carried out in the last 15 years and partly responsible for Zimbabwe’s economic mess.


FORMER Miss Zimbabwe – Emily Tatanga Kachote – who was stripped of her crown as Miss World Zimbabwe 2015, after nude pictures believed to be hers were leaked into the public, yesterday called on government to enact laws that criminalise what she called “revenge pornography”.

Speaking in Harare during the handover of a petition to legislators, Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga and Tabitha Khumalo, for onward transmission to Parliament to craft the porn law, Kachote said women’s privacy should be protected by the law.

The petition was drafted by Katswe Sistahood, a movement of dynamic young women fighting for the full attainment of women’s sexual and reproductive health rights.

“This is not just my issue. I’m fighting because I want this thing to end,” she said. “Just like every other woman, I want to treasure the special, intimate moments that I have with my boyfriend. As women, we just want to make sure there are laws to protect us.”

She said as women, they did not want to live with fear lurking over their lives, that pictures or videos taken in their private moments would be leaked into the public domain.

Kachote said the leakage of one’s pictures captured during their private moments had far-reaching repercussions and affected more people than just the one in the pictures.
“This is not only about me as Emily. It’s also about the Kachote brand. Everyone with the surname Kachote will be defined by that, so it destroys careers and lives,” she said.

She said against that backdrop, she wanted Parliament to enact laws to protect women.
“Globally, as women, we are the ones who are seen as loose (morally) and we are defined by our breasts yet society is very forgiving of men (caught up in scandals),” she said.

Revenge pornography is a phenomenon involving non-consensual publication of privately captured sexually explicit material, particularly by bitter former lovers out to distress, harm and ruin their former lovers.newsday


The Zanu PF politburo has reportedly expelled former minister in ousted Vice-President Joice Mujuru’s office, Sylvester Nguni, and Guruve South MP Chriswell Mutemasaka on allegations of fanning factionalism and working with the deposed VP.

Although party spokesperson Simon Khaya Moyo yesterday said the list of expelled members and the fate of others facing disciplinary action had not yet been finalised, insiders confirmed to NewsDay that Nguni and Mutemasaka were expelled during the Wednesday politburo meeting.
They said Mashonaland Central youth league boss Godfrey Tsenengamu, who last month received a vote of no-confidence, was suspended for five years.

“As I said yesterday (Wednesday) during my Press briefing, we received recommendations from the national disciplinary committee chaired by Vice-President Phelekezela Mphoko. But we are still deliberating on the issue and I am going to make a statement later in the day,” Khaya Moyo said.

“It is still unofficial what you are asking. Wait for my statement, which will detail all disciplinary cases handled by the committee. For now, all that is just rumours. We are looking into the people involved for a final decision.”

But party insiders said the politburo had agreed to suspend Tsenengamu for five years and Manicaland Women’s League boss Happiness Nyakuedzwa for two years for allegedly causing factional fights in their respective provinces.

“On Tsenengamu, it was felt that he was becoming disrespectful to his seniors in the party, and the party had set an example to other youths through him — that you have to be respectful even if they have wronged you,” a politburo member said on condition of anonymity.

“He (Tsenengamu) has been attacking party leaders on social media, even the First Lady [Grace Mugabe] and party commissar Saviour Kasukuwere. He was using his links with Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa to do all this and that had to be stopped.”

On Nyakuedzwa, the source said, a damming report presented by Women’s League deputy secretary Eunice Sandi Moyo, after her fact-finding visit to Manicaland this week, was instrumental in her ouster.

“The report was very damming and it did not exonerate her from factionalism, hence she was suspended from the party,” another senior Zanu PF official said.

“Some tried to save her, but they could not do much, as the evidence drew the President’s attention. However, Monica Mutsvangwa, one of the people who had been supporting Nyakuedzwa, survived for now. She received backing from President (Robert) Mugabe.”

Tsenengamu had been voted out of office on allegations of fanning divisions and abusing resources channelled to the Youth League.

He, however, accused Kasukuwere of “persecuting him” because he had invited Mnangagwa to visit an apostolic shrine in the province.

The disciplinary committee is chaired by Mphoko and has Kasukuwere, Grace and secretary for youth affairs Pupurai Togarepi among its members.

Meanwhile, Mugabe reportedly rebuked War Veterans minister Christopher Mutsvangwa for allegedly belittling those who did not participate in the liberation struggle, yet they were “loyal members of the party”.

“The tongue-lashing from the President to Mutsvangwa was severe. This was largely due to complaints by the First Lady that there were some war veterans who had been disrespecting her because she did not participate in the liberation struggle,” another source said.

Mutsvangwa was unavailable for comment on the reported attack, while Khaya Moyo refused to discuss what he termed “sensitive party issues”. newsday

“Why are you asking issues that I have not reported to you? If it happened, it would not be for your consumption,” he said.

Thursday, 26 November 2015


THE Judicial Service Commission (JSC) has charged Gokwe regional magistrate Shepherd Munjanja for unbecoming behaviour following his much publicised court case involving a Harare prostitute.

According to the charge sheet, Munjanja’s court case which was extensively covered by the media brought the judiciary into disrepute.

“You’re charged with unbecoming behaviour likely to bring the commission into disrepute,” reads part of the letter to Munjanja, 34. He was given 14 days to respond to the charge.

Chief magistrate Mishrod Guvamombe told The Chronicle yesterday that he was in Victoria Falls and would not be able to tell the exact charge preferred against Munjanja.

Sources close to the matter said Munjanja was served with the letter yesterday. Melody Hamandawana, who confessed that she was a prostitute faced charges of robbing Munjanja of $156, a phone, his driver’s licence and bank cards.

However, Harare provincial magistrate Vakai Chikwekwe acquitted her saying the State had failed to prove its case beyond reasonable doubt. The state alleged that the 21-year-old lady of the night and her friends used violence and threats to induce Munjanja to surrender his money and other possessions.
She denied the charges and told the court a different story. She said the magistrate was a long-time client who would hire her for sex each time he came to the capital.  She said Munjanja had not paid her.

Prosecutors alleged that Munjanja was sitting in his car around 7AM on October 26 when he was approached by one unidentified man who was carrying a rim and two tyres which fit the magistrate’s car.

The man then persuaded the magistrate to buy the tyres and further lured him into Treckered Court, a brothel, claiming he owned an office on the second floor.

Upon arrival at the alleged office, the man then allegedly shoved Munjanja into a room. There were two men inside and Hamandawana suddenly emerged from an inner room in the company of her two friends only identified as Chipo and Tafadzwa.

The trio then accused Munjanja of having raped one of them some time ago and started assaulting him while searching his pockets.

They allegedly took $156, bank cards, driver’s licence, 20 litre Redan fuel coupons, a notepad and Ecocash debit card.

The court further heard that they then demanded that Munjanja go to his bank under their escort to withdraw more money.

Hamandawana and her friends then hired a taxi and escorted him to Stanbic Samora Machel branch where he managed to escape and sought safety at Harare Central police station.
On October 27, police were tipped that Hamandawana was at Treckered Court and organised an ambush, leading to her arrest.

The total value of the property stolen was $336 and only $180 was recovered, but magistrate Chikwekwe acquitted the girl.


Enrolment of pupils into Form 1 next year will be conducted on December 4 countrywide using Grade Seven results, Primary and Secondary Education Minister Dr Lazarus Dokora has said.
In a statement yesterday, Dr Dokora said this year’s enrolment had been set for December 4, but in future education authorities would provide dates.

“The ministry noted that some schools were enrolling learners into Form 1 through application of their own entrance tests and assessment,” read the statement.

“The enrolment shall be on a working day, seven days after the Grade 7 results are officially announced by the Zimbabwe School Examinations Council (ZIMSEC) or as determined by the secretary every year. The 2016 Form 1 enrolment shall be Friday, 4 December 2015.”

This follows an outcry by parents over the cost of entrance tests who criss-cross the country in search of Form 1 places each year while being fleeced of thousands of dollars by unscrupulous headmasters and school authorities.

Schools sometimes conduct entrance tests for 500 pupils at $20 each when they require only 100 pupils. Dr Dokora stated that the practice of entrance tests and non-refundable fees was “discriminatory”, adding that in response, Government had issued a circular as part of comprehensive corrective measures.

“Representations have been received to the effect that parents were being subjected to unnecessary financial burden through the payment of the non-refundable entrance test fees or travelling from school to school,” he said.

“This practice is discriminatory and violates the provisions of the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment Number 20 of 2013 Section 563) and the Education Act Sections (4) 1) and 4) (2) (b).

“In response to these representations, the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education produced the Secretary’s Circular Minute Number 13 of 2015 which provided guidelines on enrolment into Form 1. Enrolment of learners into Form 1 shall be based on Grade 7 results and shall be conducted on a specific date each year across the country,” the statement said.
He added that parents and pupils were advised to identify and approach a school of their choice for Form 1 on the enrolment date.

“Heads of secondary schools should advise their District Education Officers within two days of the enrolment date of any shortfalls in Form 1 enrolment to facilitate advice to parents and pupils accordingly.

“Provincial Education Directors, District Education Officers, Heads of Secondary schools, Responsible Authorities, Church Education Secretaries, Teachers Associations, and Trust Schools must respect the letter and spirit of these guidelines,” said Cde Dokora.


Zimbabwe’s government is again scouting for an investor to revive Ziscosteel — once Africa’s largest steelworks — finance minister Patrick Chinamasa revealed on Thursday, confirming the collapse of a deal with India’s Essar group.

Presenting the country’s 2016 budget in Harare, Chinamasa said the government would take over Zisco’s estimated $700 million debt in a bid to entice another investor, after a deal with India’s Essar signed in 2010 failed to be consummated.

Chinamasa added that all Zisco’s employees would have their contracts terminated on three months’ notice, with effect from December 1 2015.

Essar beat off several rivals, including ArcelorMittal and Jindal Steel, to land the tender to take over Zisco, with its conquest being celebrated at an elaborate 2011 event attended by President Robert Mugabe and his then power-sharing Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai.

The deal soon ran into trouble over the iron ore mineral rights that had been written in, but which hard-line elements in Mugabe’s government found unpalatable.